U.S. Has ‘Begun The Process’ Of Withdrawing From Syria, Pentagon Says

Pentagon Says

Updated at 11:30 p.m. ET

The Pentagon says U.S. military personnel in Syria are moving ahead with President Trump’s order to pull out of the war-torn country.

The U.S. force in Syria has “begun the process of our deliberate withdrawal from Syria,” said Col. Sean Ryan, spokesman for the for Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve. More than 2,000 U.S. troops are currently deployed in Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights had reported that in the previous 24 hours, U.S. forces had withdrawn 150 personnel from Rmelan military base.

News of the first steps of a withdrawal come as the U.S. is negotiating with Turkey about guaranteeing protections for U.S.-allied Kurdish fighters. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government considers the Kurdish YPG militia in Syria to be a terrorist organization linked to Kurdish separatist groups within Turkey.

On Friday, U.S. national security adviser John Bolton said those talks will continue into next week. They’re taking place even as Erdogan says his military is prepared for a possible operation in northern Syria.

Turkey welcomed Trump’s surprise order to the Pentagon, while other U.S. NATO allies said they received no notice. Within the Trump administration, disagreement over the pullout quickly led to the resignations of both Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and Brett McGurk, the president’s special envoy to the coalition fighting ISIS.

The timeline for withdrawal has been the subject of shifting statements from the White House, which has been accused of sending mixed messages about its mission in Syria and its broader priorities in the Middle East.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is currently on an eight-day tour to try to ease concerns about Trump’s policies in the region. On Thursday, Pompeo declared that the U.S. is a “force for good” in the Middle East. On Friday, he told Egyptian state TV that the U.S. will pull out of Syria as the president ordered, “but we’ll do so in a way that makes sense, that is orderly, that does everything we can to ensure the security of those who fought alongside us defeating the caliphate inside of Syria.”

Begun The Process

When Trump ordered the U.S. pullout on Dec. 19, he declared victory over ISIS and said, “Our boys, our young women, our men, they’re all coming back, and they’re coming back now.”

But after the resignations of Mattis and McGurk and amid a wave of bipartisan criticism in Washington, Trump hinted at a longer timeframe. On Dec. 23, he said there would be a “slow & highly coordinated pullout of U.S. troops from the area.”

Bolton said last weekend in Jerusalem that the drawdown is conditional and doesn’t have a hard deadline.

Bolton’s comments angered Erdogan, who abruptly canceled a planned meeting earlier this week.

Instead, Erdogan gave a speech to Parliament in which he rejected the idea that Turkey would not harm Kurdish fighters and said his country will allow no concessions in its war against terrorism.

Macedonian Parliament Approves New Name For The Country As Demanded By Greece

Macedonian

Macedonia’s parliament has approved changing the country’s name to North Macedonia, appeasing Greece and bringing the country one step closer to membership in NATO.

The change is the result of a dispute between Macedonia and Greece over history and national identity that has lasted 27 years.

Eighty-one of the 120 lawmakers in Macedonia’s parliament voted on Friday to approve a constitutional amendment to change the country’s name, NPR’s Joanna Kakissis reports from Athens. The remaining opposition lawmakers stayed away in protest, according to the Associated Press reports.

The change won’t be official until the Greek parliament approves it.

Opponents of the deal protested outside of the Macedonian parliament on Friday, responding to the vote with calls of “traitors,” AP reports. Conservative opposition leader Hristijan Mickoski told reporters the vote was “an act of treason.”

Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev agreed to rename the country in a compromise with his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipr last June. The proposed name change weathered protests from nationalists in both countries — and a referendum in Macedonia that failed to meet the turnout requirement.

Greece and Macedonia have been locked into a dispute over the name that dates back to 1991 during the disintegration of Yugoslavia, when the Republic of Macedonia broke away.

Greece already contained a region called Macedonia, which incorporates most of the territories of the eponymous ancient kingdom that was led centuries ago by Alexander the Great. Both Greece and its northern neighbor consider Alexander, and the name, integral parts of their identity, Kakissis reports.

Previous Greek governments have also claimed that the tiny Republic of Macedonia might use the name to make territorial claims on its province.

The disagreement has sparked protests on both sides of the territorial boundary and produced real consequences: Greece has blocked Macedonia’s entry into both NATO and the European Union. Greece had previously referred to Macedonia as Skopje, after its capital, or Fyrom, an acronym for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.